The legal regulations related to employment in Spain are complex and their main goal is to protect the rights of the employees, so the foreign investors who want to hire local workforce should know and observe the employment laws. For every category of jobs, there is a different set of rules related to payment, salary range, holidays, working hours etc.
If you need to know the general rules about employment and the rights of an employee, it is important to find out the following:
- a regular employee works 40 hours per week;
- he/she is entitled to receive 14-16 payments per year and the annual salary will include these extra-wages;
- 23 business days of vacation per year;
- a compensation must be paid in case of firing an employee because of reasons that don’t concern his behavior or his performances;
- the social security funds will cover the payments for an employee who is ill and stays at home for a certain period of time, if he receives a proof for his illness from a doctor;
- there is a 15 days vacation for marriage, two days for the birth of a child or the death of a family member, one day for home relocation, 20 days for paternity leave and four months for maternity leave.
The main advantages for hiring employees in Spain are: their relatively low salaries compared to other countries in EU and USA, their abilities to work for local and foreign employers, the high unemployment rate (meaning you will find relatively fast the people you need for starting or expanding a business in this country), the possibility to offer a definite contract to an employee etc.
It is recommended that the local and the foreign companies to observe the rights of the employees because there are a lot of litigations in courts started by employees against their employers. The employees generally win these litigations, if their employers didn’t respect their legal obligations in case of dismissal and the judges usually decide in favor of the employee.
For hiring and dismissal of employees, you may contact our law firm in Spain. Our Spanish lawyers will present you the legal regulations and will help you take the right decisions regarding your employees.
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